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travel southwest to west early saturday morning local time by using binoculars or telescopes. nasa says asteroids of similar size have come as close once every 40 years and collide with the earth once every 1,200 years. >>> researchers in the united states believe north korea could be preparing a new missile launch in the wake of tuesday's nuclear test. their analysis is based on recent satellite photos of a launch site in the northeast of the country. researchers at johns hopkins university looked at images of the launch site in musendanri. they compared photos taken in january with shots from three months earlier. the photos show a crane pointing in a different direction. part of the launch pad has also been cleared of snow. the researchers say this activity could point to another missile test. the researchers also report that a new launch pad is being upgraded. they say it's been fitted with three large fuel tanks and a flame trench cover to protect large rockets from exhaust gases. they note the cover appears similar to the one used in iran indicating possible assistance from tehran
the proposal to be positive. it can help us achieve our goals and satisfy our people. >> jalili met with representatives of the five permanent members of the security council and germany. they want scientists to stop enriching uranium to 20% purity. beyond that point it is relatively easy to turn it into weapons-grade material. jalili is open to talking about the purity question but he's against shutting down the controversial enrichment facility known as fordo. >> translator: it is impossible for us to accept the suspension of uranium enrichment. all the iranian people are united in support of nuclear development. we will continue the development because it is our right. >> the delegates agreed to meet again in almaty in april. >>> u.s. secretary of state john kerry says the latest talks were useful. kerry said he hoped iranian leaders will respond positively. >> we look to iran to carefully review an incredible and confidence building steps and put it on the table. >> kerry said u.s. president barack obama made clear his determination to implement his policy that iran will not hav
>>> welcome to nhk world "newsline." >>> barack obama has some unfinished business. the u.s. president says the hard work of millions of americans has not been rewarded and he says it's time to reunite the engine of economic growth. he promised to work on behalf of the middle class in his state of the union address. >> it is our unfinished task to restore the basic bargain that built this country, the idea that if you work hard and meet your responsibilities, you can get ahead, no matter where you come from, no matter what you look like or who you love. >> obama made the address before a joint session of congress. he said his first priority is making the country a magnet for new jobs in manufacturing. he said some of those jobs could come through investment and clean energy. he said the extreme weather americans have seen should remind them they need to do more to combat climate change. obama said america will remain the anchor of strong alliances around the world, as he outlined threats from abroad. he criticized north korean leaders a day after they carried out another nuc
is flying to washington for his first talks with u.s. president barack obama since he took office in december. their agenda is packed and their discussions are expected to touch on everything from a wide-ranging free trade deal to punishing north korea. >> translator: i want the summit talks to show the international community that japan and the united states have restored the strong bond of their alliance. >> abe says that alliance became unstable during the former democratic party-led administration. he says he's going to talk to obama about the u.s.-led negotiations for the transpacific partnership. nations that joined the discussions for the free trade agreement are supposed to in principle eliminate all tariffs, but abe doesn't want to abide by the precondition. abe and obama are expected to share ideas on what to do about north korea. scientists in the country last week carried out their third nuclear test. the leaders are expected to agree to push for a u.n. security council resolution imposing new sanctions on pyongyang. >>> government officials say the prime minister will
us. international leaders are gathering in bavaria for the annual munich security conference. the german defense minister opened the conference by focusing on the current conflicts in syria and moly -- mali and emphasizing the importance of ongoing cooperation between europe and the united states. them in the united nations has been gridlocked over syria for months, and often, these occasions provide a more informal opportunity for an exchange of ideas. one of the most prominent speakers will be vice president joe biden of the u.s., and he stopped off in berlin on the way to the meeting. >> the u.s. vice-president peter were when visit to the german capital and his first to the german chancellery. he held an equally brief press conference after talks with chancellor merkel, giving high praise for trans-atlantic relations. the two reportedly discussed conflicts in syria and moly -- mali but made no public statements on the matter. his next stop is munich for an annual security conference, a meeting of high-ranking international policy makers, and mali and syria will be at the
memory lane for the new u.s. secretary of state on a visit to germany. >> and a step closer to bundesliga. berlin get an important win. and that italy faces political deadlock after the country's national elections produced no clear winner. no single party was able to secure a majority in both houses of parliament. >> the center-left candidate is claiming a narrow victory, but it is not enough for him to build a government. >> former prime minister silvio berlusconi came in a close second. coalition talks are under way, but many italians are unsure they will produce a stable government. >> italian voters have elected new representatives, but where does that leave the country? newspaper headlines are skating. one reads -- the only winner is ungovernability. there's already talk of free elections. >> i do not know what to say. i think we voters are being taken for a ride. >> i have no idea what will happen now. they will reach some kind of decision. everything is in the hands of four or five people again. they just do what they want. >> italy's political landscape is in turmoil. the central
be little threat to human health. our correspondent, joining us from our parliamentary to you. we have politicians across is that going to be enough to clear this up? th>> these tests should certainy go some way in making consumers feel more confident about the meat products they are buying throughout the european union. ironically, two weeks ago, the british food safety association started testing for chemicals in horse meat sparked by this mixup of beef and horse meat scandal and promptly found traces of chemicals, including those mentioned in the report, which was typically used in resources. this unearthed a completely different scandal, and at the same time showed that the effectiveness of tests is rather limited because that the tested positive and was then exported to france where it might have entered the human food chain. the city will make testing faster but also said that limits were increasingly seeing that it might be a case of europe-wide fraud, so it might soon not be a question of food safety but on how to tackle criminality. >> the question does remain -- how could it
training in neighboring mali and issuing bold threats. our sho beppu brings us the story. >> reporter: this man is reported to have led the attack. he's known as abdel rahman from niger. he phoned media outlets throughout the siege. >> reporter: abdel rahman is on a video that's believed to have been recorded in northern mali in 2010 or 2011. he and other militants showed their hostility toward western and arab nations. >> reporter: the people in the video were from different parts of africa. they trained with various types of weapons, from anti-tank rocket bombs to anti-aircraft artillery. security experts say many of the weapons came from libya. they say different groups took the arms across the border after the fall of moammar gadhafi. the video shows the transient life the militants led in the desert. they moved frequently from one location to another. mokhtar belmokhtar is one of the senior members shown in the video. he has links to al qaeda. analysts believe he's the mastermind behind the attack in algeria. algerian officials say the militants planned and prepared well. they sa
are relieved that oscar has been granted bail, this is still a very sad time for the family of reeva and for us all. we are grateful that the magistrate recognized the validity and the strength of our application. as the family, we are convinced that oscars version of what happened on that terrible night will be proved to be true. >> the prosecution says pistorius is a flight risk. he is looking at the possibility of years behind bars. that was not enough to keep him behind bars. pistorius left the courthouse in the jeep. he had to hand over his passport and collection of guns to the police. the trial is set to start on june 4. >> let's go live to pretoria, south africa and up to a reporter who was in the courtroom as the decision was read out today. we've heard the audio. can you describe what you saw? >> [no audio] the granting of bail [inaudible] someone expected, but oscar pistorius [inaudible] when the actual reading came down, pistorius himself was largely impassive. it was really his family members who started celebrating the ruling. we were expecting something from him. perhaps he just
>>> glad to have you with us on this edition of "newsline." it's day, february 12. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. >>> millions of roman catholics around the world are coming to terms with an announcement from their spiritual leader that's both surprising and rare. pope benedict xvi says he's too old to do his job and is stepping down at the end of the month. he is 85. spokespersons for the vatican said the pope cited his advancing age and felt he could no longer fulfill his responsibilities. german cardinal yosef razinger was 75 years old when he became pope following the death of pope john paul ii. benedict xvi was a conservative pope. he strongly worked for his control. he faced the generation and joined twitter last year. he took his turn on handling sexual abuse scandals to an investigation of money launderring in the vatican city. he accused his butler of stealing and leaking documents that pointed to corruption in the vatican. the pope pardoned him over christmas. it's rare for a pope to resign. pope benedict is the first to quit in nearly 600 years. senior members of th
. south korean defense officials say air force troops from the two countries are conducting a drill using f-16 fighter jets. the pilots are preparing for possible aerial combat and air raids on north korea. south korean navy commanders say they are holding a maritime mobility exercise involving 20 naval ships. army officers say they are also planning to conduct a shelling drill this week. defense officials in seoul have showed off a key part of their military's fire power. they released video of the newly deployed cruise missile. the 50-second clip shows the weapons hit targets after being fired from a destroyer and a submarine. >> translator: the military is releasing the footage to ease public anxiety by showing south korea is fully equipped to deal with the north's nuclear missile threats. >> general ryu young-jeo said the cruise missiles could hit targets in north korea, even small ones. the weapons could strike the country quickly if launched by submarines near the coast. while the military stays on alert, members of south korea's national assembly are showing their political resolve
. >>> glad to have you with us on this edition of "newsline." it's monday, february 25th. >>> shinzo abe is preparing to name a man with connections as the next governor of the bank of japan. shirakawa will step down next month. and abe is considering haruhiko kuroda as successor. he developed connections around the world while serving as vice finance minister from 1999 to 2003. he moved to the adb two years later and is serving third term as president. he is a strong supporter of more monetary easing. abe has said the next governor should be willing to pump more money into the economy and be able to negotiate with leaders of other central banks. many traders welcome monetary easing. it weakens the home currency. ai, good morning. >> good morning, catherine. it also weakens the home currency and lengthens stock prices and that's usually good news. that's why market participants are so keen to find out who the next boj governor will be, and as catherine said, it looks like it will be chief haruhiko kuroda. ramin is at the tokyo stock exchange. ramin, how are the governors
-- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com >>> long road ahead. authorities in the u.s. investigate the dreamliner and find its batteries could keep it on the ground for some time to come. u.s. transportation investigators have cast doubt on a quick fix for the problems facing the dreamliner. they say regulators need to rethink their approval of batteries used in the boeing 787. officials from a number of agencies are looking into a string of safety incidents. debra hersman chaired the u.s. national transportation safety board. she said a lithium ion battery sparked a fire on a jet in boston. >> this investigation has demonstrated that a short circuit in a single cell can propagate to adjacent cells and result in smoke and fire. >> engineers packaged eight cells together in designing the battery system for the dreamliner. hersman said they didn't place them far enough apart so trouble in one could affect the others. they have not determined why the batteries short circuiteded. another battery fire forced the pilot of an all nipon airways pilot to make an emergency landing in japan.
injured. >> what about the asteroid? it is big enough for us to know about it. what is the likelihood something like that could hit the earth? >> objects of this size probably hit the earth about once every couple of hundred years. the last known impact was the event that happened in russia and siberia, flattening many square meters of forest and also two people were killed due to fires. >> what can we do to protect ourselves against that kind of threat? >> we are now starting to catalogued objects like the bigger one. the meter-sized objects, we have no chance to detect them early, but the bigger objects are now being catalogued and traced, but there is no technology at the moment to really stop them from hitting the earth. >> thank you very much. >> all right, back down to earth now and on to other news. track and field superstar oscar pistorius says he is not guilty of murder. >> the south african runner appeared in court today when he was officially charged with shooting his " friend said. he will remain in custody until a bail hearing on tuesday. >> oscar pistorius is used to med
underground nuclear test. korean central television report scientists used a smaller warhead than in previous tests but produced a more powerful explosion. >> translator: on february 12, 2013, our defense and science officials successfully conducted our third nuclear test at an underground experiment site. >> seismologists in several countries defected a tremor emanating from north korea. experts from japan's meteorological agency say the tremor measured 5.2 in magnitude and was not natural. it happened just before noon local time close to poongkye-ri. military leaders issued a statement last month, threatening to target what they called a sworn enemy of the korean people, the united states. u.s. representatives led the drive at the u.n. to expand sanctions. security council passed a resolution last month condemning the north koreans for launching a rocket in december. >> translator: the nuclear test was carried out as part of our efforts to protect our security and independence. it is aimed at responding to the ferocious and hostile act of the u.s. to block our right to legitimately and peac
faster than other devices iran is using. the nuclear watchdog says that iran has so far refined 280 kilograms of uranium to a fissile purity of 20%. the iaea reports that 167 kilograms of the uranium could be used to develop nuclear weapons if iran has the technology to enrich it to more than 90% purity. this new assessment is likely to intensify criticism of iran among western nations. representatives of five permanent u.n. security council member nations and germany are due to hold talks with iran next week in kazakhstan concerning its nuclear program. >>> researchers in japan report a significant discovery in the fight against alzheimer's disease. they say they've identified part of the mechanism behind the pathology. the scientists used induced stem cells also known as ips cells that can be programmed to develop into any type of cell. associate professor haruhisa inoue leads the project at kyoto university for cell research and application. his team reprogrammed cells taken from four alzheimer's patients. they turned them into ips cells to produce brain nerve cells. the research
. there has been turmoil on the streets since the killing of secular leader chokri belaid. police used tear gas on protesters when they came close to the ministry. protesters say the ruling party is behind the assassination of the political leader, gunned down outside his home on wednesday. a senior official said it had not consulted with his party. before the opposition, it was not enough. a spokesman from the popular front party said the government had to go. >> everybody agrees the government has failed. it no longer has a role to play. we demand its resignation and the creation of a new government that will guide the country through a transitional period. >> friday will see belaid's funeral as well as a general strike called by the country's main trade union. >> what can be done to ease the tensions in tunisia? for more, let's go to our correspondent in tunis. first off, no signs of compromise right now. what happens? >> they have been meeting today, and we are still waiting for a declaration from them. in the meantime, i am at the presidential palace where the spokesman for the preside
spending at companies went down 2.6%. >>> financial leaders in the u.s. are facing their own set of challenges. president obama nominated his chief of staff to be his next treasury secretary. and now jack lew is outlining what he sees ahead for the economy. ai uchida joins us now from the business desk. ai, good morning. >> good morning, catherine. jack lew, he has to win over the democrats and the republicans before he can be treasury secretary. so he's asking lawmakers for bipartisan support on fiscal reform. he says this is needed to keep the u.s. economy on the path to recovery. lew spoke to senators on wednesday. he's seeking their approval for his appointment to obama's second-term cabinet. lew said he's resolved to reduce the nation's huge budget deficit. he asked both democrats and republicans to work together to avoid automatic spending cut march on defense and other programs. >> we must put our nation back on a path of fiscal sustainability. we cannot allow the series of harmful automatic spending cuts known as the sequester to go into effect. these cuts would impose se
correspondence sent us this summary of tuesday's trading from the frankfurt stock exchange -- our correspondent said us this summer. >> some shares were strongly in demand while others found themselves deeply on the downside. some of the tightening rules might make strong banks even stronger, and that banks could profit which have many corporate clients and many international clients. stock market in general this tuesday managed to recover somewhat from the losses of the beginning of the week, also due to positive economic data. the german engineering sector managed to post a significant increase of factory orders again. >> a look now at the raw numbers from the markets. the dax ended the day of a bit, more than 0.3%. euro stoxx 50 rose nearly a full percentage point. the dow jones is up 0.87%, and the euro is trading against the dollar at $1.3579. >> the u.s. justice department is suing standard and poor's for its alleged role in the 2008 financial crisis. wall street investors say they were expecting the move. in 2007, the ratings agency made its fortune by giving high credit ratings to worth
-hour -- >> in his state of the union address, u.s. president barack obama proposes fresh negotiations on a transatlantic free trade agreement. >> pope benedict celebrates his last public mass as pontiff inside st. peter's basilica in rome. >> and the movie "night train to lisbon" has its world premiere at the berlin film festival. president barack obama says the american economy has made important progress, but there is still a long way to go. he delivered the annual state of the union address in washington last night and urged americans to help jump-start the country's sluggish -- sluggish economy. >> pushing hard for a special economy would significant job growth. that looks like the message obama plans to hammer home time and time again during his time in office. >> presidents also touched on foreign policy, praising u.s. soldiers stationed in afghanistan and promising them a speedy return home. >> the president of the united states. [applause] >> it is a washington ritual, long applause, handshakes, and hugs on both sides of the aisle. in his speech, obama focused clearly on domes
. good to have you with us. here's what is coming up -- far from home. why an egyptian blogger is seeking refuge in poland. on the edge -- why gibraltar is in new haven for spaniards. after the worst -- while londoners are changing their minds about germans. we first turn to the struggle for democracy in egypt. again, supporters of the opposition are being killed exactly two years after the bloody revolution that toppled dictator hosni mubarak. at the time, egyptians enthusiastically ushered in a new era, but the new president has since left many people deeply disappointed. some egyians are dowowowowowowot brotherhood, the country has moved even further from democracy. one blogger is one of those who openly criticizes the new government, but he had to leave egypt to be able to do so. >> the market square is a popular tourist destination. usually, it is filled with people strolling through, taking pictures of st. mary's church, but not everyone carrying a camera here today is on holiday. kareem is not a taurus. he is a 28-will blog your -- 28- year-old logger -- blogger from egypt. the cit
following it at close range. but the statement denies chinese crews used fire-controlled radar in either instance. it says officials in tokyo released false reports without confirming the facts with their counterparts in beijing. a spokesperson for the chinese foreign ministry also denied japan's claim. >> translator: all of our departments have published the true facts. the japanese claims are complete fabrication. >> later on friday, japan's vice foreign minister summoned china's ambassador to protest the denials. he urged chinese authorities to reinvestigate the case and to adopt preventive measures. >>> japanese defense representatives have provided more information to back up their version of what happened at the end of january. they say their data shows the crew on the chinese frigate used their weapons radar as they passed in front of the self-defense force destroyer. the two vessels were about 3 kilometers apart at the time, defense officials say the chinese crew trained what appeared to be artillery-guiding radar at the destroyer but they stress no artillery was pointed at the j
had told the u.s. government about the test beforehand. and even china, north korea's sole ally, has urged pyongyang to stop before it makes matters worse. >> tensions are high in south korea. protesters denounced north korea's nuclear tests. north korean state media claim the country had exploded a more powerful bomb than it had been able to build a earlier. diplomats at the united nations security council emergency meeting also expressed alarm. >> countries around the world, including every member of this security council, agreed that this test was an extremely regrettable act that further undermines international peace and security. >> many countries will likely impose new sanctions against north korea, but observers say that china has the most leverage. >> for china, it will depend on showing that north korea has gone too far this time and it will not go without consequences for the north korean-chinese relationship. i expect that china will also decide on painful sanctions for north korea. >> china is north korea's protector, but p'yongyang carried out the nuclear test not far f
-run tv in september 2010. they say it shows the blueprint of the tunnel used in the second nuclear test at north korea's test site in 2009. the photo shows the tunnel stretching horizontally from its entrance on the left of the screen. it then goes into a spiral and a nuclear device is believed to be housed at the end. the tunnel appears to have nine gates designed to seal in gas. south korean defense ministry representatives say radioactive material leaked during the north's first nuclear test in 2006, they believe that may have prompted officials in pyongyang to dig be a tunnel shaped like a fish hook for 2009. they suggest north korean authorities will use a similar design if they follow through with their threat to conduct a third test. >>> asian governments are working hard to try to stop that from happening and they're hoping china can do something because it's north korea's ally. diplomats agreed they will continue to press authorities in pyongyang to hold off. leaders met. lim says they must be relentless in pursuing this. south korean and chinese officials will stay in closer c
with us. here's a look at what is coming up today -- italy. a trip to a prison island. russia -- the desperate life of many orphans. france -- how architects want to improve life in the suburbs. first, to turkey and its relationship with religious minorities. some are officially recognized in turkey. jews, a greek orthodox, and armenian christians. the turkish government has made concessions to christian minorities, such as returning property confiscated a long time ago. churches, for example. that has given armenians in turkey in fresh confidence boost, but their situation remains difficult. ankara still refuses to recognize the genocide of armenians under ottoman rule 100 years ago. officially, there are some 60,000 armenians in turkey, but the numbers could be rising. in some parts of turkey, descendants of armenians are now rediscovering their identity. >> home to a population of more than 1 million, the city is situated on the turkey -- turkish/i iraqi border. it is the unofficial capital of turkey. but it was not always. between the many minuets that make up the skyline
. >> earlier, we talked to journalists -- a journalist who was in the courtroom. he told us how the case is being received. >> as it is internationally, we have the sitting cabinet minister in court today appearing at the hearing. it has been one of the biggest media events south africa has seen. correspondents from every part of the world are here following the story. this comes at a time when south africa is involved in deep introspection in terms of violence against women. we are still reeling from shock at a particularly brutal rape case recently, so the debate around murder and rape of women is really at the forefront at the moment, and i think that is playing a big role in the general depiction of this case. >> tunisia's prime minister has resigned a day after his bid to set up a government of technocrats failed. it was opposed by other members of his governing party. then he announced his resignation after a meeting with the president. he had proposed the non-partisan government as a way out of the political crisis sparked by the opposition of a leading opposition figure. >> the g
the u.s. has been proposed. the objective to would be to help stabilize forces after the end of the operation. sources say neighboring countries are expected to play a major role in the operation. >> south korea leaders say they are ready to conduct an underground nuclear test at any time. crews have installed a remote detonator and equipment that will be used to measure radiation. north korean leaders said last month it will conduct their third nuclear test, but didn't say when. government sources say the crews brought a vehicle to the test site in the northeast that will remotely control the detonator. a monitoring device installed will be used to detect any nuclear radioactive material coming out of tunnels after a nuclear explosion. they are working with u.s. forces to monitor the movements of the north korean military. >> a trailer truck loaded with fireworks has exploded on an expressway on the inland chinese province of hernan. there are conflicting reports about the number of dead but the figure could reach into the dozens. the truck was delivering fireworks for chine
. >> reporter: park used the phrase trust building to express her policy on north korea. she insists that process can happen through dialogue and honoring promises that have been made already. >> translator: north korea's recent nuclear test is a challenge to the survival and future of the korean people. and there should be no mistake that the biggest victim will be none other than north korea itself. it is my sincere hope that north korea can progress together as a responsible member of the international community instead of wasting its resources on nuclear and missile development and continuing to turn its back to the world in self-imposed isolation. >> reporter: park recognized that tension and conflict exists in asia. the president didn't specifically mention the friction her country has experienced with japan such as a territorial dispute. but she did say she would work to strengthen trust with japan along with other nations such as the united states, china and russia. about 70,000 people gathered to attend park's inauguration. many of them want her to address the growing income
government to discuss the matter and clearly show us the results as soon as possible. >> authorities in tokyo and osaka have started to provide pollution data online. >>> naval officers from mainly asian pacific countries have gathered in japan to discuss security it is aimed at promoting mutual understanding in the region. on monday 15 officers took part in an opening ceremony at japan's maritime staff college in tokyo. they represent 15 countries, including japan, the u.s., south korea, china, and australia. the director of the college's research department says he hopes they can discuss each nation's participants and a way to building a regional security framework. he also commented on china's presence at the event. >> translator: china's participation has great significance, considering the timing of the meeting. >> relations have soured over a territorial dispute. china denies the clang. >>> experts with japan's nuclear regulator have thrown another wrench into plans to put power plants back online. officials have been looking at six complexes to see if they're stable. they found the one
it happened in the east china sea near islands both countries claim. >> translator: using this kind of radar, known as weapons radar, is an extremely unusual act. the japanese government believes that the situation could have become extremely dangerous. >> the defense minister revealed the incident happened on the morning on january 30th. the vessels were about three kilometers apart. he also says government analysts are investigating a separate incident from earlier in january. they suspect a chinese navy frigate locked its weapons radar on a self-defense force helicopter. japan and china have been locked in a dispute over the senkaku islands. the territory is in a area potentially rich in natural resources. japan controls the islands, china and taiwan claim them. the japanese government nationalized the islands last september. chinese surveillance ships have been navigating in and out of japanese waters near the territory ever since. the disagreement has affected diplomatic relations and trade. >>> the foreign minister is condemning the recent action in the east china sea. >> translator: w
to the killing. >> we are still waiting for reaction. can you give us some background? how much has tunisian been destabilized by this assassination? >> i would not say that tunisia has been destabilized. most citizens are just carrying on their lives as usual, but in political circles, it certainly seems quite a big event today. >> thanks so very much. moving on to some other news, society has been struggling to keep up for decades, and sometimes developments outpaced our ability to apprehend all the consequences. >> take artificial insemination, which gave rise to sperm donors. for years, mothers who used the services thought laws enacted at the time was forever prevent their children from discovering the identity of their biological father, but in germany, a court has ruled that knowing who dad is is a fundamental right. >> the woman who brought the case says she is not interested in claiming money from her biological father. her reasons are personal. the court agreed she has the right to know who her biological father is a. >> the plaintiff has the right to know where she comes from. it is a
for the poope. his decision to resign ahas received extreme action. joining us is our -- has received a mixed reaction. >> joining us is our conflict from -- our contact from rome. is there cause for concern? >> i think there is cause for some concern. that's why he promised in his last address to the cardinals -- he promised reverence and obedience. it's also why he is hiding away behind the walls of vatican city states and not returning to his beloved the very a in southern germany for his retirement -- beloved of area -- beloved bugbear yet -- beloved bavaria in southern germany. the new pope has to be charismatic, forceful, has to put his own stamp very quickly on the papacy. >> who will be in charge of the catholic church until the new pope is elected? >> the cardinal will take care of the daily running of the church. no major decision will be made until a new pope is elected. >> everybody is wanting to know when that will be. when do you think they will start sitting down to elect a new pope? >> i wish i knew. the pope has made it possible for the cardinals to meet earlier than planned.
collecting is done by the finance police, the guardia de finanza. employees often used dubious methods when chasing down tax defaulters. the tax collectors work on commission. the more people they catch, the better for them. that is putting pressure on ordinary italians, especially small and medium-size companies. >> it was a spectacular protest against italy's new tax laws. the owner of a small beach bar scaled the dome of st. peter's basilica in rome and stayed put for some 24 hours. when he climbed back down, he was greeted by a cheering crowd. [applause] >> i really hope this tax issue is resolved soon and our small businesses as well as the whole economy can pick up again, at least a little. >> the tax measures by italy's technocrat government under the prime minister are another weapon in the country's never- ending fight against tax evasion. the so-called financial police is seeking to recover an estimated 150 billion euros, and it is coming down hard on the country's culture of tax evasion. >> we are conducting stringent checks on luxury vehicles. if the income tax returns filed by
. >> it is a business with the future and perhaps it will bring more inhabitants. there used to be 600 islanders here. they made a living fishing and farming, but life was harsh. many young islanders dreamt of a better future and left for the united states, australia, for canada. >> the island always had a high regard for education. basically, when you reach the age of 12, you were sent to be educated. it was a waste of your education if you did not go to college or university or whatever it might have been. then, once you went to college or university, it was a waste of your degree or whatever qualification you had it if you did not put it to good use. >> he is considering inviting foreigners to the island. >> if you look at the population of india and china, there's an awful lot of people being born every day. there is room here. i think people will drift in this direction. the island is not prejudiced. in fact, i think they could not care less as long as people come in. that is what you need. >> his idea is simple -- anyone who does not want to work with sheep can collect seaweed instead. it is wi
it is willing to negotiate peace deal under u.s. and russian guidance, but it said any talks will not include president assad. i asked our correspondent with the chances are that this meeting will produce anything. >> basically, the syrian opposition is trying to put its house in order. the head of the national coalition was offered a few days ago talks with people of the regime that do not have blood on their hands. it is not everyone in the opposition agreeing with the opposition, especially the islamists and muslim brotherhood. the big question would be also if this proposal will be accepted by the various militant groups in syria where the syrian opposition outside really does not have control. >> thank you very much. >> i just past two years, syria has become the middle east coast and most troubled and dangerous region. >> its government is shrinking if not falling apart. militias are rising in power, and the entire world is well aware that syria has chemical weapons and a strong alliance with iran. from lebanon to israel, from cairo to washington, worries are greater than ever that syri
's diet has approved a supplementary budget for fiscal 2012. the government is planning to use the budget totaling more than $140 billion to get the economy going again. the upper house passed the extra budget bill by 117-116 on tuesday following approval by the lower house. members of some opposition parties joined the ruling coalition parties to vote in favor. officials in the ruling liberal democratic party stressed that the budget will push up japan's real gross domestic product by about 2% and create 600,000 jobs. but the largest opposition democratic party said the government is ignoring efforts to cut the country's fiscal deficit. party leaders pointed out that the government is raising money to fund public works projects by issuing deficit financing bonds. these projects will total more than $54 billion. and government bond offerings will exceed tax revenues during the fiscal year. the budget will finance safety inspections and repairs of tunnels and roads and provide subsidies for businesses that install energy-efficient facilities. the extra budget brings this general account bu
and north korea sent a twitter message from pyongyang saying she was using the service. earlier this year, north korea allowed people to bring their own mobile phones into the country. pyongyang watchers say these moves could be an attempt to attract more visitors from abroad and improve foreign currency by improving telecommunications infrastructure. however, north korean residents are still not allowed access to such service. >>> officials in pyongyang are playing host to an athlete who gained a reputation as a bad boy. dennis rodman was known as much for his tenacity on the court as for his antics off it during 14 seasons in the national basketball association. now he is making a tv documentary in north korea. rodman arrived on tuesday a production team in tow. officials from the north korean olympic committee gave him a warm welcome. >> my first time. i think most of these guys first time here. so, hopefully we are going to be okay and hope the kids to have a good time for the game. >> rodman is expected to play some basketball during his visit. he will also run workshops for children
could offer him to help out at home? >> not very much. she used the words solidarity, support, expressing sympathy for the unemployed, particularly the young people. the figures are something like 56% of young that people are unemployed, the highest in europe. she believes there is no way around the painful reforms to get the spanish economy back on course. >> john, thank you ever so much. >> german efforts to get more young people into job training and expand all of the steel workers are falling short. the country's industrial base cannot find enough workers. >> applicants have little trouble finding work. including in your report in the oecd, many countries are short of low and medium skilled workers. >> the german business sector needs a low and medium skilled workers, but that is a hurdle immigrants have to jump and they are way too high. their reluctance to look outside the borders and that threatens business. >> if germany does not do this in the right way. if this effort does not results, that would be a really negative impact on potential growth and the real economic g
spoke person was responding to a remark by japanese defense minister. he said the use of weapons radar could be considered a threat of force under the united nations charter. china's defense ministry and other agencies are investigating the incident. she again blamed japan for months of strained ties over the islands in the east china sea. the issue is not china flexing its muscles but is really about continuous illegal activities by japanese vessels and planes in china's waters and airspace. >>> populous, prosperous, pushing ahead. china's rise, grounded wealth, power, and problems. an income gap divides its people. pollution threatens their health. and disputed seas strain relations with its neighbors. find out about the challenges china faces on "newsline." >>> authorities in the solomon islands are sending emergency teams and relief supplies to help residents in tthat have be hit by the disaster. an earthquake rattled the south pacific on wednesday sending tsunami racing ashore. six people are confirmed dead and four others missing. >> reporter: this is the capital of the solomon i
by the european parliament. >> our brussels correspondent has been covering the summit for us. let's bring her in now. this is a real first, this cut. where will we see budget reductions being made? >> spending in areas such as infrastructure, energy, transport, but also scientific research will be reduced. also, eu officials will see pay slightly reduced, which means that a key demand by great britain's prime minister david cameron has been met. agriculture subsidies are also taking a slight head, but overall, they are still the biggest chunk of eu spending. >> some analysts already say this budget means less europe. what are you hearing at the summit? >> it became clear from the start that eu leaders to come here to these tough negotiations in brussels defending their own national interests, and, of course, the european parliament is not happy with the proposal on the table now. they are saying that the brunt of the cut is happening in areas that are future oriented. much disagreeing with what the european council president has said. they said we would be more spending in areas that could po
as low as the pocket money of a primary school kid? nothing has changed for us. >> the climate has changed slightly because greece leaving the eurozone is no longer on the table. things have calmed down. >> analysts say more austerity cuts could lead to a further drop in consumer spending by the end of the year. >> the biggest question for greece is how people will cope with the pension cuts and tax hikes over the coming four months. >> greeks are now hoping that the worst of the crisis is over. analysts say recovery should kick in by 2014 at the latest. >> for more in the greek economy and today's protests, we go live to athens to our correspondent. what is happening there now? what has the mood been like on the streets today? >> the protests have basically died out now. what happened during the day was pretty much a rerun of about 20 general strikes there have been since the greeks went into the spiral of the economy about a year ago. a few hours later, there was, as you mentioned, clashes between police and small numbers of demonstrators, but i would say there was not quite as b
as they did their football club, and there are plenty of fans. >> berlusconi is charming. he lets us believe in the future. he is like a life raft people cling to. >> but not everyone has so much faith. some say that after four elections, berlusconi has had enough chances to reform italy. >> after 20 years and so many promises, you really have to ask what he has actually done. he has a poor record. he can conduct another great campaign. people are sick of politicians who make promises they just do not keep. >> berlusconi has a village just a few kilometers away. this is where many of the infamous parties are posted. in what has become known as the ruby case, berlusconi is being tried on charges of paying for sex with minors. the verdict is expected after the elections. this town has distanced itself from its most famous inhabitant. the democratic left has been in power here for two years. the mayor wants to promote a more positive image. >> we do not want to hear about the scandals and more. a woman rules as mayor here. there's a majority of women on the council. they speak professionally, w
, is a question that concerns all of us sooner or later. the latest, of course, is when we are confronted by death. he does not do it in a way that necessarily appeals to a mass audience. that, of course, is a certain weakness in his position. he tends to be rather intellectual. people who are prepared to look into the questions of the meaning of life, that there's more to life than simply having fun -- of course, having fun is important, but if there is more to life than that, more than one in from one life style and into the next and amassing material goods -- then there is a great deal of food for thought in his writings. i think that will be his major legacy. >> some people believe there is much more to the pope's resignation and frail health, that the scandals that rocked the church played a big role. what is your take on that? >> i think there is a connection. i think that the scandal within the church, predictably of child abuse, has weighed very heavily on him. one has seen him age quite dramatically, and i think that that is probably also the concern and the pain that he has felt. on the
in the extract you used, he talked about the state not only of his body but also of his mind. he said both had deteriorated in the recent times. >> john hooper from rahm, thank you for the analysis. -- from rome. reactions have been pouring in. israel's chief rabbi said the pontiff helped reduce anti- semitism. >> the german government says they are moved and touched by his resignation and chancellor angela merkel called him one of the most significant religious figures of our time. >> the german president said he supported the surprising decision speaking of the pope's courage and self direction saying he always maintained a special bond with his native country. >> seeing a german succeed pope john paul ii was a victory for our country. in benedick's ministry, they combine high philosophical teaching with a straight forward manner of speaking and humanitarian kindness. chancellor merkel also commented on benedict's decision expressing understanding or his motivations. she praised him as saying that, as pope, he committed himself to interfaith dialogue. >> restrengthen the ties to the eastern
been bombed. >> experts have found a war crimes committed by both sides. they say the rebels are using child soldiers while government crew -- troops are guilty of more. >> now is time for the international criminal court to get involved. there needs to be a formal inquiry. there are no indictments to be made. >> investigators say the house a list of suspected war criminals but without a decision by the u.n. security council, they cannot bring them to justice. >> for more now we go to our european correspondent in brussels. we asked her if the eu is prepared to back the call for war crimes. >> the problem there is the u.n. security council would have to refer the case to the courts and the eu has failed in its attempts to get russia, a permanent member of the u.n. security council, to put pressure on their ally, syria. they say they welcome any attempts from any side to end the conflict and end the violence happening. they have always said that they were concerned about crimes committed against humanity and they have always stressed that they will do everything that they can to support
how to handle small engines used in tractors and other machineries. the 14 trainees come from seven different refugee camps in thailand. they have been instructed to pass on their knowledge to others living in the tents. >> translator: the skills i learned will help me in the future. i want to pass on what i acquired to other refugees. >> translator: people who lived for so long in refugee camps may finally get the chance to return to their homeland. the japanese government decided to fund the job training scheme, so refugees will be better equipped for their life back in myanmar. >> reporter: the japanese government hopes the training project will enable refugees going home with less discouragement and for the refugees the lessons they learn will help them contribute to society when finally they can return. >>> a plan for the first cross border high-speed railway in southeast asia has been officially unveiled. it will connect singapore to malaysia's capital city in 19 minutes. competition to win orders for construction will be fierce. >> it's going to be a game changer. it will tra
drastically. it is still not clear if they were told by party officials to use their weapons radar. xi jinping took the head of the communist party in november. he said he wants to pursue peaceful foreign policy, but he also said china needs to protect safety and security. the comments from the foreign ministry suggest that some of the chinese government were in the dark on the circumstances surrounding this incident. but communist party lead xi jinping is the leader of the military would likely know. but he isn't talking. nhk world, beijing. >>> japanese and chinese defense officials have been trying to establish better communication to prevent unintended events from happen bug the dispute over the senkaku islands has stalled their efforts. >> reporter: a chinese submarine briefly entered the waters of okinawa in september 2004 but didn't surface. >> translator: i want china to do its best to prevent a recurrence of such an incident so that the issue will not hamper the growth of friendship between japan and china. >> reporter: the increased activity of the chinese navy prompts officials from
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